Al mesbar center would like to thank all participants in the book. African traditional religion and the religion of the san people come africa, but other religions such as judaism, christianity, islam, hinduism and buddhism, were brought to south africa by people from europe and asia. The area of ancient mesopotamia mostly in modern iraq and northern africa are important to in islam as well, even though they are not as equally sacred as places like mecca and medina. Also, the geography of the mountains has allowed smaller groups to find shelter from zealous rulers.
The distinctive identities of different faiths are explored in world religions by studying the main principles and thinking of each religion. The written zoroastrian holy book, called the avesta, dates back to between 600 and bc, but the traditions it is based on are more ancient. Almost every school of religious thought and belief has its own central texts to guide its followers. Russells meticulously researched book takes readers into some of the regions leastknown minority communities. It also contains numerous precisely fulfilled prop. Buddhism 376 million followers tripitaka pali canon 5. Warren matthews methodically introduces readers to the richness and diversity of religious traditions. This is also the case in most of other religions, since believers bond to sacred figures to seek their support in. Around 20 million shia pilgrims shape one of the worlds biggest pilgrimages in iraq, called arbaeen, many of whom walk long distances to karbala city as a part of the ritual every year. Religion is a cultural system that establishes symbols that relate humanity to spirituality and moral values.
Are there bibles for different religions, or is there just. Religion in iraq was overwhelmingly muslim as of 2015, with over 9598% of the population practicing islam. But the region has also birthed many smaller religions, with beliefs and practices vastly different from those of the big three abrahamic faiths. Thus traditional man receives purpose, direction, and virtue from reentering the sacred time through ritual and myth. The most sacred place in all of islam is the kaba in mecca, saudi. Other religions found in iraq include the nestorian christians, jacobite christians, mandaeans, shabakis, kakais, and atheists. The problem is that this applies to every religion. All of them are presented in the same fashion mainly from a historical point of view. National geographic photographer and anthropologist martin gray has spent thirtyfive years studying and photographing 1500 of these sacred sites in more than one hundred and fifty countries. In these sections students can see how the different religions understand a common set of ten human concerns that are fundamental to all religions. The secular roots of a religious divide in contemporary.
Their beliefs are now often dismissed as mythology, but many elements of these ancient narrative traditions persist in todays faiths. Hinduism, has many holy books, but most popular is shreemad bhagavad gita, upanishads and veda. A theology that interprets the sacred books of different religions in a way that reconciles with sacred books of other religions is needed. The yazidi black book is one of two books written in the style of a holy book of the yazidis in northern kurdish, the other being the yazidi book. Ones sacred space should make the person feel a connection of holiness and sacredness. Baghdad has centuries long rtaditions as a cosmopolitan city, often offering refuge for groups fleeing from far away. The black book is significantly shorter than other abrahamic religions holy texts, but still contains an eclectic.
It is difficult to imagine a more timely book than gerard russells heirs to forgotten kingdoms. Gods sacred messages transmitted over time make the most sense when theyre read together like a continuing dialogue from the same person. The hindu belief is that gods or divinities can take many forms, but all form one universal spirit. Considered heretical devil worshippers by many muslimsincluding the advancing militants overrunning iraqthe yazidis have faced the. The black book acts as a codification of the religion that describes yazidi religious beliefs and traditions. A continuing gnostic religion descended from john the baptist andor the essenes. Islam is the national religion of iraq, adhered to by some 97% of the population according to a 1997 census. Journeys into the disappearing religions of the middle east. The set, as finally realized, is a collection of holy books belonging to the religion of the brahmans, as. In each issue of origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue political, cultural, or social in a larger, deeper context. In addition to the analysis provided by each months feature, origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay. Religion, history shape iraqs relationship with iran. Iraq was placed under the authority of the united kingdom as the british mandate of mesopotamia.
Religious oral tradition and literacy among the yezidis of iraq. What do you know about religions all over the world. One god the lord is our god, the lord is one shema, hebrew prayer. While islam strongly dominates the iraqi society, there are several religions surviving in the mountains and in the capital. This book includes a set of translations from an arabic manuscript given to joseph by a muslim which purport to be the text of these books.
You can also purchase the book via the links below. Who are the yazidis, the ancient, persecuted religious minority. Christianity, including catholic, orthodox, protestant, assyrian church of the east, accounted for 1% and other religions made up the remaining 14%. Items in lower case italics are classes of religion and not actual religions. Iraqs muslims follow two distinct traditions, shia and sunni islam. In addition to sunni and shiite muslims, iraqi kurdistans religious map. It is simply impossible to list all varieties of religion 1 as we as a species have created an almost infinite variety of religious and transcendental ideas. About 6065% of muslims belong to the shia sect and 3237% to the sunni sect. The headlines are currently filled with reports and claims of widespread persecution of religious minorities at the hands of the islamic state of iraq and alsham isis, also known as isil rebels in iraq and syria. Is is a sunni jihadist group that claims religious authority over all muslims. Millions of shia pilgrimsmostly from iraq, iran, pakistan, india, azerbaijan, turkey. It is unique among sacred books in several particulars.
Its sacred texts include the hebrew bible and the new testament. Boys and girls have different upbringings, as a boys birth into the family is usually celebrated, while a girls typically is not. Iraq is home to many religious sites important for both shia and sunni muslims. Most of islams sacred places are in the middle east, specifically the arabian peninsula. It was the predominant religion in the region until conquered persia zoroastrians in iran have had a long history reaching back thousands of years, and are the oldest religious community of iran that has survived to the present day. There is no tomb of the 12th imam, who shiis claim only went into occultation, but there is a shrine to his honour at samarra. Religion, history shape iraqs relationship with iran irans relationship with iraq has always been torn between ties of history, religion and blood and some of the bitterest hatreds in the. Culture of iraq history, people, women, beliefs, food. Christianity, including catholic, orthodox, protestant, assyrian church of the. Minority religions in the middle east under threat, need. The publication of a sacred book has helped the religions followers to.
Iraq has a prominent place in islamic history, both. For example, theism is any religion that contains gods, and polytheism is a form of theism. Its sacred texts include the hebrew bible and the new testament or the christian gospels. In the months since its rise, the sunniidentified islamic state has gone after many religious and ethnic minorities in iraq and. This is the oldest established western christian church and the worlds largest single religious body. The yezidi sacred books are reputedly never shown to strangers. The boy is thought to be more valuable to a family, given his potential to work, while the girl is considered more of a dependent. Almesbar center would like to thank all participants in the book. Inside the middle easts vanishing ancient religions the. Many religions, cults, and sects have their own sacred writings, but the holy bible is the only one that can be credited with accurate history of ancient kingdoms and dynasties, and people groups. Use some words that refer to places of worship and sacred books in the religions. One opinion that is shared by both of them is the pilgrimage to mecca, the holy city. Iraq, religion and social profile national profiles.
History and future of religious minorities in iraq. The two sects share many beliefs and practices but differ in doctrine, rituals, law and religious organization. In 1958, the monarchy was overthrown and the republic of iraq was created. The secondlargest cultural group is the kurds, who are in the highlands and mountain valleys of the north in a politically autonomous settlement. However, when referring to a sacred space in religious terms, it means that believers of the religion can encounter god in a special kind of way. Religion is one of the most exciting topics in the world, regardless of your stance and beliefs, because it analyses all of the things that give us hope, devotion, and faith. However, i have been unable to find any other third party translation of these texts, so caveat lector. Often difficult to categorize, these groups have their place in the family of religions. Test your knowledge of the five major world religions. Religions free fulltext from attachment to a sacred. This may seem unjust to a believer, for whom one particular religion stands out their own. Ten teachings shared by all religions from the book. Bahai revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of. The sacred book of the moslems or, as more commonly if less correctly known, the mohammedans, is the koran.
Islam is the official religion of iraq, and the majority of the population is. Religions continued to adapt, old beliefs were absorbed into the religions of the society that succeeded them, and new faiths emerged with different. It consists of thousands of different religious groups that have evolved since 1500 b. The odds of these similarities among the worlds religions occurring by pure chance are exceedingly low, so we must seek an explanatory cause. Yazidis of iraq are ancient hindu priests ancient hindu priests of gobekli tepi are yazidis who now live in and around iraq. Yazidis of iraq are ancient hindu priests religions. Hunted by militants from the islamic state, thousands of people from the yazidi community have fled to the slopes of iraqs mount sinjar, where they are caught between the prospect of death by dehydration and murder at the hands of the group formerly called isis. But, the situation is not as simple as muslims are embarking on a genocide of christians and understanding a bit of iraqs religious demographics, history, and the story of minority religions can help paint a clearer picture.
This is reflected in the statistics of religious affiliations of iraqi refugees in. In todays republic of iraq, where islam is the state religion and claims the beliefs of 95 percent of the population, the majority of iraqis identify with arab culture. As shocking as the video clips of sunni militants mowing down shiites in iraq with ak47s and then handing out qurans can be, the barbarity is not new nor unique to the muslim world. Traditionally, the shia majority has been governed and generally oppressed by members of the sunni minority, which since the late 1970s has become increasingly concerned about the export of shia. Making sense of iraq, isis, yazidis, beheadings, crucifixions and your social media feed. A monarchy was established in 1921 and the kingdom of iraq gained independence from britain in 1932. Meefa res is one of two books written in the style of a holy book of the yazidis in northern kurdish, the other being the yazidi book of revelation kiteba jilwe it is now generally accepted that the manuscripts of the yazidi sacred books, the mas. General books about world religions for kids use these books to explore similarities and differences in traditions, rituals, beliefs, and celebrations of world religions for kids. The isis is hell bent on converting these yazidis and when they resist, they are killing hundreds everyday and taking their women as sex. Exploring the common core of the worlds religions, by gary l. Different sacred sites have the power to heal the body, enlighten the mind and inspire the heart. The terms sacred text and religious text are not necessarily interchangeable in that some religious texts are believed to be sacred because of the belief in some theistic religions such as the abrahamic religions that the text is divinely or supernaturally revealed or divine inspired, or. Furthermore, this text combines insightful, engaging prose with maps, photographs, timelines, excerpts from sacred texts, and other helpful.
The worldview sections in particular make this the most helpful textbook for comparative analyses of the. Altogether, 7 of the 11 imam tombs in twelver shiism are located in iraq, the two more each in baghdad musa alkazim and muhammad attaqi and samarra ali alhadi and hassan alaskari. Followers venerate two books, the black book and the book of revelation. Five facts you need to know about iraq, its religious. In the 2010s, uprisings of the islamic state is, formerly called the islamic state of iraq and the levant isil or the islamic state of iraq and syria isis, have led to violations of religious freedom in certain parts of iraq. This test assesses your knowledge of the five major world religions. According to the 2018 cia factbook, iraq is 97% muslim. The overall percentage of muslims has increased since the iraqi civil war 20142017 due to the migration of christian and yezidi refugees into neighboring countries. Iraq was controlled by the arab socialist baath party from 1968 until 2003. The yazidi religion is not wellknown and has some problems when it comes to religious texts. What are the top ten religions and what is the holy book.373 625 931 1167 629 612 169 345 952 181 1208 681 297 949 229 440 758 237 216 140 1183 1480 388 1245 1473 1225 1014 919 1047 246 588 1208 848 1295 1158 1400